Teenagers and Adolescents are vulnerable to depression: Causes of Depression in teens and adolescents. Some reasons are known, and some are unknown.
As the children reach to their adolescence, a lot of changes occur both in their physical and emotional growth. There are changes in their bodies, their brains and their place in the world during adolescence.
They develop a drive to be independent of their personal choices, which creates a rift between them and their parents. This rift establishes a sense of disconnection between the both. Hence, they rely more on their peer groups for support and compassion.
Due to technological and social changes, they may feel confused and exhausted. Due to these changes in their lives, teens become prone to depression. Therefore, one must know the cause, symptoms and treatment of depression to raise the children emotionally healthy.
Only awareness of Depression and its risk factors can limit the adverse effects on teens.
Causes of vulnerabilities of depression among Teenagers:
1 Teens are sensitive towards physical appearances.
When the children are small, they accept the things as they are. They see the world from their perspective. They are not so sensitive about how people think about them.
However, when they grow up and become adolescent, their capacity to see themselves through the eyes of others, also expand. Teens become self-conscious, and they start having a strong liking and disliking for everything. For them, acceptance from others and especially from their peers becomes very important. Hence, they feel deeply hurt and get into a depression by not getting positive remarks.
Teens face increasing demands from friends and family. Families’ demands are related to career, studies and performances. And friends influence them to involve into sex and alcohol. It can be a confusing time. During adolescence, teens rely more on their peers’ advice rather than depending on the parents for guidance. For teens acceptance from their peer group matters a lot. Therefore, they do not want to discuss with their parents and prefer to take independent decisions. However, the peer group is inexperienced and not capable enough to always guide well.
The path on which the teens travel is new and unfamiliar. The parents should encourage their children to take risks. And parents must also allow them to experiment with things that may always not be good for them. The faith and confidence of parents make the children bold, but it can also create a downfall that can cause breakage. Teens are not capable of coping so much pressure as adults do have. Hence, when they face the adverse outcome of their efforts, they feel immense pressure.
3. Relation with Peer group:
At teenage, children want to have independence from parents, so feeling connected to peers becomes more important than ever. They need friends for fun, sharing problems, taking advice and for emotional support. However, at this age teens are also more vulnerable to exclusion, bullying and rejection.
Lack of acceptance from their peers makes them sad and discouraged. They face rejection and doubt their own identity. In this situation, they become vulnerable to depression.
4 Sleep disorder:
Teens have a different sleeping pattern. They sleep late at night and wake up early due to school or college. They take less than eight hours of sleep.
Insufficient sleep makes them feel exhausted the whole day.
When the lack of sleep becomes chronic, it may contribute to vulnerability to depression.
5. Eating disorder:
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter, found in the digestive tract of the human body. Serotonin is responsible for well-being mood. The gastrointestinal tract and the human brain are deeply connected. So, when teens get addicted to drugs and alcohol, their mental health is affected. They may feel stress, anxiety and sadness, as well as memory, decision-making and learning.
Therefore, to keep correct levels of serotonin in the body, healthy eating must be focused. Serotonin is derived from an amino acid tryptophan, used in the synthesis of proteins. Tryptophan is present in most protein-based foods like in chocolates, oats, dried dates, cheese, curd, milk, sesame, chickpeas, almonds, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, peanuts, meat, eggs and fish
To keep our mood happy we must include the above products in our diet.
Avoid irregular diet and substance use to stay away from depression.